Ephemeris of the day - 17 outubro 2018


Today is Wednesday, 17 de outubro, two hundred and ninety days of the year.
World Day for the Eradication of Poverty and International Day of the Homeless.
Missing 75 days to the end of 2018.
Those born on this date belong to the sign Libra, emphasizing-is North-American actress Rita Hayworth (1918) and New Yorker writer Nathanael West (1903).


Neste dia, em 1798, died the Portuguese geographer and explorer Francisco

José Lacerda and Almeida and, em 1847, Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer and pianist. Em 1853, Commercial Sheet Lisbon Square, fundada em 1852, named Paquete Commercial, spent Journal of Commerce. Em 1909, It took place the first flight in airplane with engine Portugal, by French aviator Armand Zipfel, at the Hippodrome de Belém.
Em 1912, Turkey declared war on Bulgaria and Serbia.

Em 1918, it was established, formally, the Republic of Yugoslavia. Em 1920, died writer and American communist leader John Reed. Em 1931, or gangster Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion. Em 1933, the scientist of German origin Albert Einstein came to the US, as Nazi Germany's refugee.

Em 1934, died Spanish scientist Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Nobel Medicine in 1906. Em 1957, the French writer Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Em 1967, died the last Emperor of China, Henry Pu Yi. Em 1975, Moroccan, preceded by King Hassan, They initiated the March of Peace in Spanish Sahara.

Em 1978, began, in Luxembourg, negotiations for the accession of Portugal to the European Economic Community. Em 1979, died the French baritone Pierre Bernac. Em 1983, die, em Paris, the writer, essayist and French sociologist Raymond Aron, 78 anos. Em 1985, media of Portuguese language in the Canadian cities of Toronto and Montreal went to be connected by service of LUSA.

Em 1989, São Francisco, on the east coast of the US, It was shaken by an earthquake, about dying 200 pessoas. Em 1991, the origin of Kallman's disease was identified by French and American scientists. On the same date, NATO defense ministers announced a reduction of 80 percent of tactical nuclear weapons in Europe.

Em 1992, stemmed the funeral of former German Chancellor Willy Brandt, No Reichstag de Berlim. Em 1996, died the journalist Alves Santos, 82 anos. Em 2000, Alice died Maria Ribeiro, 72 anos, newspaper publisher Canada Portuguese Mail. Em 2002, died the Angolan physician Armenian dos Santos Ferreira, historical militant of the MPLA and the fight for independence from Angola.

Em 2003, the Court of Celorico da Beira determined the disqualification of Mayor Julio Santos, Earth Movement Party, for abuse of power. Died the former international footballer Portuguese António Teixeira, winner of two national championships and a Cup of Portugal, in the 50. On the same day it debuted, “A Talking Picture”, by Manoel de Oliveira.

Em 2004, PS and PSD reinforced the majority in regional elections in the Azores and Madeira, respectivamente. In Santo Antao do Tojal, Loures, were found bones of elephants, com mais de 80 a thousand years.

Em 2005, the Government aggravated penalty rates of early retirements. On the same day, died footballer Carlos Gomes, 73 anos, goalkeeper, former national champion with Sporting.
Em 2006, Parliament's Committee of Labor approved the specialty the new mobility scheme of public administration. The u.s. President, George W. Bush, It approved the law allowing the use of harsh interrogation methods and the trial by military tribunals for terror suspects.
Em 2007, French writer of Czech origin Milan Kundera, author of books such as “The unbearable lightness of being” e “The waltz of goodbye”, conquered the National Literature Prize 2007 the Czech Republic, while the book “The simplest things”, Nuno Judice, won the National Prize for Poetry António Ramos Rosa.

Em 2008, the National Library of Portugal started the process of poet Fernando Pessoa's estate classified as National Heritage, under the Heritage basic law, which preclude their leaving the country. Died vocalist of the American quartet “Four Tops”, Levi Stubbs, victim of prolonged illness, aos 72 anos.

Em 2009, the writer John Thrush won the sixth edition of the José Saramago Prize with the novel “The Three Lives”, edited by Quid Novi. Die, com 69 anos, Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress “Toto leaves or radoppia”.

Em 2010, Kim Jong-un, the youngest son of the current leader of North Korea, It was presented to the masses, witnessing that which is the largest military parade in the country.

Em 2013, Portugal, Espanha, France and the European Commission signed a joint declaration for the creation of the Atlantic Corridor, allowing the movement of freight trains on the European rail network. The American President, Barack Obama, officially signed the law allowing the reopening of the federal administration and raise the US debt ceiling, putting an end to the crisis that lived the country.

Em 2014, the World Health Organization declared the end of the Ebola virus epidemic in Senegal. Die, com 78 anos, Gabriel Holy Spirit, former Chief of Armed Forces General Staff.

Em 2017, died Danielle Darrieux, French cinema actress, aos 100 anos, in your home, in northwest France.

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